Gallipoli peninsula ( Gelibolu Yarımadası) is located in Turkish Thrace, the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles straits to the east. The name derives from the Greek Kallipolis, which means “Beautiful City”.Gallipoli (Turkish, Gelibolu) is a peninsula locality in north-western Turkey, close to Istanbul.
The Gallipoli Peninsula is the site of extensive First World War battlefields and memorials on the north bank of the Dardanelles.
A commemorative site for the Allied (British Empire, France) and Turkish forces who fought, died and were wounded there, the area around Anzac Cove is particularly significant for Australians and New Zealanders, whose armies received their baptism in fire on the cliffs there, and – although not ultimately victorious – carved a fine military reputation under extreme adversity.
The 1915 landings and battles are commemorated by Australians and New Zealanders on ANZAC Day, 25 April, every year.
At this time especially, Gallipoli becomes a place of pilgrimage for many Aussies and Kiwis who want to honour the memory of their forbears.